Defined as increase in the population of urban areas – urbanization has become a very prominent reality today. This phenomenon is expected to grow even more rapidly over the coming years. Particularly in India, urbanization is on the rise with more than 34% of the population residing in urban areas, which is an increase of about 3 percentage points since the census of 2011. Such drastic increment in urbanization critically impact sustainable development implying meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of the future generations to meet their needs; and one aspect that is critical for sustainable development is supporting economic and social well-being, while protecting the environment.
Though today, the role of urbanisation has been very negative and has created a very harmful impact on sustainable development. Combined with poor urban planning, which is evident across all urban areas in India, urbanization has become an increasingly big challenge.
That said, urbanisation can be beneficial provided it is happens sustainably. Sustainable urbanisation implies urbanisation which is properly planned, executed and prepared for. This would require modification of existing environmental policies (with focus on problems of the cities), use of new-age technologies and strengthening of governance structures. This will lead to more emphasis on efficient construction management. And for people looking to contribute in making a change, must learn from RICS School of Built Environment that offers specialised courses which emphasise on sustainable development and are based on new-age digital curriculum including AI, AR, Big Data, BIM, etc.
Gear up and initiate a change!